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A.Vogel plant encyclopaedia

Peumus boldus MOL.

Boldo

History

Peumus boldus

The name Peumus is derived from peumo, a name that probably goes back to the Mapuche Indians of Chile. The species name boldus is in honour of the Spanish botanist, Boldo.

The monimiaceae family is of particular interest   because it is a very old plant family. The remaining stock has survived only in isolated areas with ideal growing conditions. They show a remarkable diversity in their formation.

Botanical characteristics

Boldo is an evergreen tree or shrub growing up to six metres in height. It belongs to the monimiaceae family, which are closely related to the laurel family. It is dioecious.

Boldo's light grey-green leathery leaves are elliptical-oval, entire, and have light-coloured tubercles on the surface. They have a characteristic odour and a burning-spicy, slightly bitter taste.   The intensely fragrant radial flowers are white or yellowish and arranged in an inflorescence. The oval, aromatic pitted fruits are edible.

Boldo flowers throughout the year.

Habitat

The Boldo tree is the characteristic plant of the dry   areas of Chile and Peru. Together with other shrubs, it forms a dense bush savannah. The leaves are gathered throughout the year.

Preparation

A.Vogel/Bioforce uses the dried, shredded leaves to produce an alcohol extract.

Infusions of the dried, shredded leaves are also common. In Chile, the Boldo bark is also used medicinally. There it is thought to be more effective than the leaves which are used in Chile as a kitchen seasoning. The essential oil is used in the perfume industry.

The Boldo tree also provides a bark dye and a hardwood also known by the name of Boldo.


Official designation

Boldo leaves

 

Family

Monimiaceae

 

Synonyms

Peumus fragrans Pers.

Boldea fragrans Juss.

Ruizia fragrans Ruiz

 

Common names

Boldu leaves

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